COSIAC Newsletter October 2011 Tuesday, 18 October 2011

 A summary of resources, research, news and events in open scholarship for the preceding month

How effective are mandates?
Two interesting items from the ASA Annual Conference 2011: Recession is the Mother of Invention 21st / 22nd February 2011 "Open access: the Wellcome experience" Robert Kiley, Head of Digital Services the Wellcome Trust, has the startling statistic that compliance to their mandate is still only 50%.
'Show me the data! Why we all need to deliver more of what users want' - Toby Green, Head of Publishing, OECD Publishing has some information about data publishing initiatives. There is also lots of other stuff about libraries and future subscription models.
How do you find a researcher's papers that are scattered everywhere?
Thomas Krichel (krichel@OPENLIB.ORG) wrote: I am working on a system that implements an author claiming system for all disciplines. This is the AuthorClaim system at The software was funded by the Open Society Institute (OSI). The AuthorClaim system runs since 2008.
The data that I have from selected from BASE is documented here

You may want to check that your IR is included. If you don't see it please conduct searches in BASE to see if you find your documents there. If you don't see the contact, contact the Master Aggregator of BASE, Friedrich Summann
Funny little animated video about open access
It depicts a conversation between a publisher and an author.
A tool for standard repository use statistics
JISC (the UK Joint Information Systems Committee) has funded PIRUS (Publisher and Institutional Repository Usage Statistics Project ) to develop a COUNTER-compliant standard for usage statistics at the individual article level, which can be implemented by any entity (publisher, aggregator, repository, etc.,) that hosts online journal articles and will enable the usage of research outputs to be recorded, reported and consolidated at a global level in a consistent way. The PIRUS2 project is now complete and the Final Report is now available on the COUNTER website at: .
The cost of closed data & the economics of open data
Interesting blog post on the Open Knowledge Foundation blog, posted 17th October. Guest blogger Chris Taggart.
Georgia State Copyright case
This is the one we should all be scared of:
Kevin Smith and Siva Vaidhyanathan gave a great presentation, hosted by Educause, on “The Georgia State Copyright Case: Issues and Implications.” Thoughtful, clear, and provocative, and I even heard a colleague say it was great as soon as it ended. This is not the norm for copyright webinars!
Abstract: The Georgia State University copyright infringement case has been closely watched in higher education over the last several years. This lawsuit, brought by several publishers against Georgia State University, involves the use of copyrighted materials in higher education e-reserves, but the impact of the case and its potential results may be far more reaching. The trial has now closed and is awaiting a final decision. Despite the outcome, the case will certainly have an impact on how higher education uses copyrighted materials. The case—which affects faculty, students, scholarly authors, and university services including libraries—brings up issues of fair use in a digital age, scholarly communication and publisher business models, and the broader question of the future of teaching and scholarly communication as a whole.
Sign up to Open Bibliographic data principles
Open Bibilographic Working Group of the Open Knowledge Foundation, I have created the Principles on Open Bibliographic data. The group continues to offer the opportunity, for both individuals and groups, to sign up to the principles.
What does a research library look like these days?
"Research Libraries in the 21st Century" was the topic for the third annual University Librarian's Lecture on the afternoon of Thursday 1 September 2011. Melbourne University Librarian Philip Kent drew on learnings from a mid-year trip to Oxford, Harvard, Cornell and Stanford universities and visits with other leading thinkers in the field.
HighWire Introduces 5-Star Article Rating Feature on SAGE Open
With the recent launch of the peer-reviewed research journal, SAGE Open (, and its new, interactive article rating feature, HighWire Press once again demonstrates its support of independent scholarly publishers with a tool designed for Open Access publications. This new feature, 5-star article rating, gives readers the opportunity to weigh in on the quality and impact of a particular article in a transparent open community forum. As a supplement to the basic peer review that is practiced by the rapid publication process for open access journals, article-level comments and ratings offer real-time feedback from readers, allowing them to contribute publicly in the scholarly journal discussion. Over time, as the article accrues comments and ratings, the combined scores will become more and more meaningful as a metric to evaluate its importance and quality.
"The HighWire platform provides a series of enhanced features to give readers greater power to determine the significance of articles published," said Tom Rump, HighWire's Managing Director. "Along with usage metrics, commenting, subject categories, and recommendation services, article ranking is a means to leverage the insights of the larger community, connecting the outside world with the content inside the paper."
New Journal - Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication
Seeking Submissions - Inaugural Issue of the The Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication (ISSN 2162-3309) is a quarterly, peer-reviewed, open-access publication for original articles, reviews and case studies that analyze or describe the strategies, partnerships and impact of library-led digital projects, online publishing and scholarly communication initiatives.
The Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication provides a focused forum for library practitioners to share ideas, strategies, research and pragmatic explorations of library-led initiatives related to such areas as institutional repository and digital collection management, library publishing/hosting services and authors’ rights advocacy efforts. As technology, scholarly communication, the economics of publishing, and the roles of libraries all continue to evolve, the work shared in JLSC informs practices that strengthen librarianship. The Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication provides a shared intellectual space for scholarly communication librarians, institutional repository managers, digital archivists, digital data managers and related professionals.
General topics of interest include: Scholarly communication, Open Access, Library as publisher and library/press partnerships; including, but not limited to: Emerging modes and genres of publication, Organizational and business models, Policy issues; including, but not limited to: Publishing/deposit mandates, Impact of governmental or institutional policy, Policy development for library services; Digital collection management, Institutional and discipline-specific repositories, Digital curation, Technological developments and infrastructure , Intellectual property, Resources, skills, and training ;Interdisciplinary or international perspectives on these issues.
The inaugural issue of JLSC will focus on the theme of “Defining Scholarly Communication”.
New Publication - Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011
Digital Scholarship has released the Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011. This 96-page book presents over 600 English-language articles, books, technical reports, and other works that are useful in understanding institutional repositories and ETDs. It covers institutional repository (IR) country and regional surveys, multiple-institution repositories, specific IRs, IR digital preservation issues, IR library issues, IR metadata strategies, institutional open access mandates and policies, IR R&D projects, IR research studies, IR open source software, and electronic theses and dissertations. Most sources have been published from 2000 through June 30, 2011; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 2000 are also included. Many references have links to freely available copies of included works.
Great slides - What's wrong with scholarly publishing
These are information rich and logical to follow. By Björn Brembs of Berlin's Freie Universität
Open textbook resource site
American but comprehensive, this site is a collection of basic information and links to other resources on open textbooks.
Last short film on open access
These little films are kind of helpful - they tell a story so work best as a group of stories. See:
Google Scholar citations
This is in beta form and who knows what will be the long term implication of the service but they are saying: "Google Scholar Citations provides a simple way for scholars to keep track of citations to their articles. Authors can check who is citing their publications, graph citations over time and compute several citation metrics. Authors can also create an automatically maintained public profile that lists all their articles. An author's public profile can appear in Google Scholar results when someone searches for his name. (e.g., richard feynman). Google Scholar Citations is currently in limited launch with a small number of users. This is a new direction for us and we plan to use the experience and feedback from the limited launch to improve the service. We plan to make Google Scholar Citations available to all users at a later date."
Indiana University -What is an institutional repository?



What do researchers really think about open access?

"PEER Behavioural Research: Final Report on authors and users vis-a-vis journals and repositories" is now available. The specific aim of the behavioural research was to understand the extent to which authors and users are aware of Open Access (OA), the different ways of achieving it, and the (de)motivating factors that influence its uptake. A couple of findings: Over the period of Phases 1 and 2 of the behavioural research the increase in the number of researchers who reported placing a version of their journal article(s) into an Open Access Repository was negligible. Researchers who associated Open Access with 'self-archiving' were in the minority. Open Access is more likely to be associated with 'self-archiving' (Green Road) by researchers in the Physical sciences & mathematics and the Social sciences, humanities & arts, than those in the Life sciences and Medical sciences who are more likely to associate Open Access with Open Access Journals (Gold Road). The report is available at

NOTE: Steve Hitcock from Southhampton University warns: "There is a danger in reading too much into the Executive summary of this report, in which the authors may have over-interpreted their own results. Better to read the results in Appendix 3 first hand. This shows that the project was trying to discover what authors did rather than what they think. It also shows the results to be more nuanced than the summary suggests, and therefore more useful too. I would urge readers to go there and draw their own conclusions."

Briefing Paper released by COAR

The Confederation of Open Access Repositories has released a briefing paper titled 'The Case for Interoperability for Open Access Repositories. The paper identifies sa number of selected technical, administrative and organisational challenges. Discussion is invited from the community and stakeholders and can be contributed on the COAR website.

Identifiers for People and Organisations - NISO Special Issue

Organisation and People Identifiers – is the theme of the special issue of NISO’s Information Standards Quarterly magazine. This issues provides an overview of the major standards and initiatives in this space and is topical in relation to current institutional and personal/author identifiers as highlighted through national projects currently underway in Australia which require these issues to be tackled, i.e. The Australian National Data Service and its program of Seeding the Common projects. The issue is freely available online.

What is the future for digital humanities scholarship?

"The Scholarly Communication Institute 9 (SCI 9) convened scholars, librarians, publishers, higher education administrators, and funders to develop collaborative strategies that will advance humanities scholarship in and for the digital age." The report is called "New-Model Scholarly Communication: Road Map for Change"


Despite what Harnad says, more research is becoming available

Harnad thinks this number is misleading because it includes delayed access, so keep that in mind. The increase has been stable for 10 years, meaning about 50% should be available by 2021. The chart shows the proportion of papers indexed on the (largely biomedical) PubMed repository each year that are now freely accessible: in 2009, it’s above 28%. (Some of this literature is not immediately available at the time that it is published, because of journal policies that impose embargo periods on when material can become free). Those numbers are even more impressive than a study last year which found that around 20% of research papers published in 2008 were freely available on the internet. Nature News Blog. (2011, 1 August 2011). How many research articles are freely available? Retrieved 19 September, 2011, from


More enthusiastic predictions on spread of Gold OA

The Inevitability of Open Access, David Lewis, College & Research Libraries, (22 Sep 2011) Abstract: Open access (OA) is an alternative business model for the publication of scholarly journals. It makes articles freely available to readers on the Internet and covers the costs associated with publication through means other than subscriptions. This article argues that Gold OA, where all of the articles of a journal are available at the time of publication, is a disruptive innovation as defined by business theorist Clayton Christensen. Using methods described by Christensen we can predict the growth of Gold OA. This analysis suggests that Gold OA could account for 50% of the scholarly journal articles sometime between 2017 and 2021, and 90% of articles as soon as 2020 and more conservatively by 2025.


Studies on implementing open access policies

Armbruster, Chris, Implementing Open Access Policy: First Case Studies. Chinese Journal of Library and Information Science, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp.1-22, 2010. A concise summary of many of the pioneering (e.g. QUT, Wellcome, Zurich, HHMI, FWF), comprehensive (e.g. PMC, ukPMC, INRIA/France) and international (e.g. SCOAP3) implementation efforts. Available at SSRN:


Armbruster, Chris, Open Access Policy Implementation: First Results Compared. Learned Publishing, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2011. A comparative evaluation discussing the most salient issues, such policy mandates and matching infrastructure requirements, content capture and the issue of scholarly compliance, benefits to authors, and efforts to provide access and enable usage. Available at SSRN:


Armbruster, Chris, Implementing Open Access: Policy Case Studies (October 14, 2010). The publications are based on extensive case study research and interviews. The original report (in the long form) is also available onlineAvailable at SSRN:


 Public Availability of Published Research Data in High-Impact Journals

Alawi Alsheikh-Ali et al. PLoS ONE 6 (9), e24357 (2011) doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0024357

Abstract: There is increasing interest to make primary data from published research publicly available. We aimed to assess the current status of making research data available in highly-cited journals across the scientific literature....We reviewed the first 10 original research papers of 2009 published in the 50 original research journals with the highest impact factor. For each journal we documented the policies related to public availability and sharing of data. Of the 50 journals, 44 (88%) had a statement in their instructions to authors related to public availability and sharing of data. However, there was wide variation in journal requirements, ranging from requiring the sharing of all primary data related to the research to just including a statement in the published manuscript that data can be available on request. Of the 500 assessed papers, 149 (30%) were not subject to any data availability policy. Of the remaining 351 papers that were covered by some data availability policy, 208 papers (59%) did not fully adhere to the data availability instructions of the journals they were published in, most commonly (73%) by not publicly depositing microarray data. The other 143 papers that adhered to the data availability instructions did so by publicly depositing only the specific data type as required, making a statement of willingness to share, or actually sharing all the primary data. Overall, only 47 papers (9%) deposited full primary raw data online. None of the 149 papers not subject to data availability policies made their full primary data publicly available....A substantial proportion of original research papers published in high-impact journals are either not subject to any data availability policies, or do not adhere to the data availability instructions in their respective journals. This empiric evaluation highlights opportunities for improvement.


Institutional Repositories, Open Access, and Scholarly Communication: A Study of Conflicting Paradigms

Rowena Cullen and Brenda Chawner, The Journal of Academic Librarianship, (2011) Abstract: The Open Access movement of the past decade, and institutional repositories developed by universities and academic libraries as a part of that movement, have openly challenged the traditional scholarly communication system. This article examines the growth of repositories around the world, and summarizes a growing body of evidence of the response of academics to institutional repositories. It reports the findings of a national survey of academics which highlights the conflict between the principles and rewards of the traditional scholarly communication system, and the benefits of Open Access. The article concludes by suggesting ways in which academic libraries can alleviate the conflict between these two paradigms.


Survey of Library Database Licensing Practices

The 115-page report looks closely at how 70 academic, special and public libraries in the United States, the UK, continental Europe, Canada, and Australia plan their database licensing practices. The report also covers the impact of digital repositories and open access publishing on database licensing. Among the many issues covered: database licensing volume, use of consortiums, consortium development plans, satisfaction levels with the coverage of podcasts, video, listservs, blogs and wikis in full text databases, spending levels on various types of content such as electronic journals, article databases and directories perceptions of price increases for various types of subject matter, legal disputes between publishers and libraries, contract language, impact of mobile co mputing and other issues. Data is broken out by size and type of library.


Researchers need more encouragement and support to deposit data in data centres: Study


A new study by JISC and the Research Information Network has found that data centres have been instrumental in developing a culture of data sharing among researchers. The study found that usage of data centres is high: most support thousands of researchers and millions of downloads each year. Data from every centre supports a variety of research activities, ranging from original research analysis, through combination and integration with other data, to reference purposes. Download a copy of the report at:


Discussion of data management in institutions


Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 37, no. 6 (2011): "Data Management as Bibliography" Editor's summary includes: "Sharing primary data enables a greater return on the original investment, expanded discovery and fertilization of ideas across disciplines. The major impediment is lack of an infrastructure to archive non-textual data sets, in addition to hurdles including locating data, deterioration, format standardization, permission for use and suitability."


A sustainable future for open textbooks? The Flat World Knowledge story


First Monday, Volume 15, Number 8 - 2 August 2010 Abstract: Many college students and their families are concerned about the high costs of textbooks. Ebooks have been proposed as one potential solution, open-source textbooks have also been explored. A company called Flat World Knowledge produces and gives away open-source textbooks in a way they believe to be financially sustainable. This article reports an initial study of the financial sustainability of the Flat World Knowledge open-source textbook model.





Librarians unite! Article about how librarians are leading the revolt in school publishing


After decades of healthy profits, the scholarly publishing industry now finds itself in the throes of a revolt led by the most unlikely campus revolutionaries: the librarians. Universities from Britain to California are refusing to renew their expensive subscriptions, turning instead to “open access” publishing, an arrangement whereby material is made available free on the Internet with few or no restrictions except for the obligation to cite it. "Internet Ruffles Pricey Scholarly Journals" NY TImes, By D.D. GUTTENPLAN,18 Sept 2011.


Academic publishers make Murdoch look like a socialist - George Monbiot


Who are the most ruthless capitalists in the western world? Whose monopolistic practices make Walmart look like a corner shop and Rupert Murdoch a socialist? You won't guess the answer in a month of Sundays. While there are plenty of candidates, my vote goes not to the banks, the oil companies or the health insurers, but – wait for it – to academic publishers. Theirs might sound like a fusty and insignificant sector. It is anything but. Of all corporate scams, the racket they run is most urgently in need of referral to the competition authorities. Appeared in the Guardian 29 August 2011. 


The fully referenced version of the article from the Guardian 30 August 2011 was here :


Student search ability is getting worse


US study shows Google has changed the way students research – and not for the better, with commentary from Australian libraries - 29 August 2011.




One step closer to converting high energy physics journals to OA


The SCOAP3 tendering process has started. An international team of experts from institutions participating in SCOAP3 has prepared a detailed description of the peer-review and open access services that the consortium intends to purchase through high-quality peer-reviewed journals, the conditions for the provision of these services and the implications on existing licensing agreements. CERN has now issued a Market Survey for the benefit of SCOAP3. It is publicly available at:


How much is Wiley making anyway?

Wiley has released its financial report for the first quarter of the 2012 financial year.

It states that first quarter revenue for STM publishing increased by 3%, and its contribution to profit increased by 6% (after adjustment for currency fluctuations). It also reports that 73% of its journal portfolio has an Impact Factor.


An interesting analysis of this report ( from Sami Kassab, an analyst at BNP Paribas, was published on the Liblicense ListServ. The analysis compares Wiley to Informa and Elsevier, and deduces that the profitability of Wiley is slightly less, with a margin of c.28-30% compared to c.35% for the other two. The difference is explained by the high level of society partnership publishing undertaken at Wiley.


Big European group pushing open access


The four organisations that make up Knowledge Exchange, all outputs from publicly funded research, including publications and research data, should be openly available on the internet as long as matters of privacy and confidentiality do not interfere. The European partners of Knowledge Exchange are DEFF from Denmark, DFG from Germany, JISC from the UK and SURFfoundation from the Netherlands.


Universities join together to form open access coalition


Kansas and 21 other universities and colleges announced that they’re joining forces to form the Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions, or Coapi. The new group will “collaborate and share implementation strategies, and advocate on a national level,” it said in a statement. From The Chronicle of Higher Education 2 August 2011


Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UK) mandates OA


"EPSRC has introduced a new policy on access to research outputs....The policy requires that all published EPSRC-funded research articles submitted for publication from 1 September 2011 must be made available on an Open Access basis. Importantly, the policy leaves researchers free to publish in the journal most suited to the subject of their research. It is expected that publications will be made Open Access through one of two main routes: 1? Gold Open Access (pay-to-publish) – peer-reviewed papers published in fully Open Access journals which do not charge subscription fees, or in ‘hybrid’ subscription journals which enable free access to ‘pre-paid’ articles.


Subject to certain criteria the publishing fees may be met from direct or indirect costs on EPSRC Research Grants. Green Open Access – research is published in traditional subscription journals and authors self-archive their papers (as accepted for publication) in a digital online repository. Publications will preferably be openly accessible from the date of publication. However, the current prevalence of embargo periods means this may not be a realistic option in some areas of engineering and physical sciences research. EPSRC therefore encourages authors to publish within the shortest embargo period attainable commensurate with ensuring their work achieves maximum impact.."




Open Access Week - 24th - 30th October

For information on how you can get involved, what others are doing and for promotional material, see the Open Access Week web site.


Tender - deadline 31st October BE QUICK - Study to develop a set of indicators to measure open access


The European Commission launched today a Call for tender entitled "Study to develop a set of indicators to measure open access" (invitation to tender N° RTD-B6-PP-2011-2). The central aim of this study will be to develop an indicator that can ensure yearly and sustainable monitoring of the growth of open access literature from 2000 onwards within the ERA and beyond. The indicator will be accompanied by a study on the development of open access strategies in ERA countries and other selected countries, as well as by an exploratory study on a composed indicator measuring the growth of open access. All the relevant information can be found here:


2011 Information Policy Conference, 15th November


Under the broad umbrella of ‘Public Sector Information: A National Resource’, the Office of the Australian Information Commissioner’s inaugural Information Policy Conference will provide an opportunity for delegate: find out about the progress of the open government reforms; contribute to developing a National Information Policy for Australia; consider issues around the proactive publication of public sector information; share best practice case studies; learn about the OAIC’s Principles on Open Public Sector Information; and discover how technology provides new opportunities for information management, exchange and sharing.


SPARC Open Access Conference 2012


Registration is now open for the SPARC Open Access Conference which will be held in Kansas City on March 11, 12, 14 2012. Further details available at:


Open Government Data Camp 2011

The world's biggest open government data event. October 20th 2011. Key topics include : technologies, data (geodata, transport, legislative, health, education) and evidence for the impact of open data.




Idea Swap for Open Access Week


Monday, 3rd October 2011. In 2010, Open Access Week (OAW) was the largest and most successful yet. With just under 900 participants in 94 countries, last year's event was no less than three times larger than it was just a year before.